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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Metabolism of diethylstilbestrol by horseradish peroxidase and prostaglandin-H synthase. Generation of a free radical intermediate and its interaction with glutathione.

Diethylstilbestrol is carcinogenic in rodents and in humans and its peroxidatic oxidation in utero has been associated with its carcinogenic activity. Horseradish peroxidase-catalyzed oxidation of [14C]diethylstilbestrol and [14C]diethylstilbestrol analogs induced binding of radiolabel to DNA only when the compound contained a free hydroxy group (Metzler, M., and Epe, B. (1984) Chem. Biol. Interact. 50, 351-360). We have found that horseradish peroxidase or prostaglandin-H synthase-catalyzed oxidation of diethylstilbestrol in the presence of the spin trap 5,5-dimethyl-1-pyrroline-N-oxide caused the generation of an ESR signal indicative of a free radical intermediate (aN = 14.9 G, aH = 18.3 G). The identity of the trapped radical could not be identified on the basis of published hyperfine coupling constants, but the observation that horseradish peroxidase-catalyzed oxidation of 1-naphthol produced an identical ESR signal suggests that the radical was either a phenoxy or phenoxy-derived radical. During horseradish peroxidase-catalyzed oxidation of diethylstilbestrol in the presence of glutathione the thiol reduced the diethylstilbestrol radical to generate a thiyl radical. This was shown by a thiol-dependent oxygen uptake during horseradish peroxidase-catalyzed oxidation of diethylstilbestrol and the observation of an ESR signal consistent with 5,5-dimethylpyrroline-N-oxide-glutathionyl radical adduct formation. A diethylstilbestrol analog devoid of free hydroxy groups, namely diethylstilbestrol dipropionate, did not produce an ESR signal above control levels during horseradish peroxidase-catalyzed metabolism in the presence of 5,5-dimethylpyrroline-N-oxide. Thus, free radicals are formed during peroxidatic oxidation of diethylstilbestrol and must be considered as possible determinants of the genotoxic activity of this compound.[1]


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