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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Vasoactive intestinal peptide receptor on liver plasma membranes: characterization as a glycoprotein.

The receptor for vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) was identified in rat liver plasma membranes after covalent cross-linking to 125I-VIP by three different agents [disuccinimido dithiobis(propionate), disuccinimido suberate, and succinimido 4-azidobenzoate] and examined by sodium dodecyl sulfate-acrylamide electrophoresis. Regardless of the presence of reducing conditions, two molecular species of the putative VIP binding unit were identified as broad autoradiographic bands of 80,000 and 56,000 daltons (Da). Both the large and small species showed the same high affinity for 125I-VIP binding and subsequent cross-linking (half-maximal inhibition at 3 nM unlabeled VIP). The 80-kDa species was partially converted to the 56-kDa form by denaturing conditions and was extensively degraded when incubated at 20 degrees C for 30 min with 1 microgram/mL chymotrypsin, trypsin, or elastase to fragments that that migrated similarly to the 56-kDa unit. In contrast, the 56-kDa moiety was resistant to attack by serine proteases. Both the 80- and 56-kDa species were microheterogeneous due at least in part to the presence of carbohydrate chains, each species binding fractionally to wheat germ agglutinin (WGA)-agarose (approximately 50%). The WGA-bound fraction (eluted with N-acetylglucosamine) was relatively retarded on acrylamide gels as compared to the WGA-unbound fraction. Exposure of the 80- and 56-kDa species to endo-beta-acetylglucosaminidase F reduced the apparent molecular mass of each by 19 kDa, indicating the presence of complex N-linked carbohydrate chains. The receptor species do not appear to have high-mannose N-linked chains since they did not interact with concanavalin A and were not cleaved by endo-beta-acetylglucosaminidase H.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]

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