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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Cyclic AMP-dependent and -independent effects on tissue-type plasminogen activator activity in osteogenic sarcoma cells; evidence from phosphodiesterase inhibition and parathyroid hormone antagonists.

The plasminogen activator (PA) in clonal osteogenic sarcoma cells of rat origin (UMR 106-01 and UMR 106-06) and in osteoblast-rich rat calvarial cells has been characterized using specific antibodies to be tissue-type PA (tPA). An Mr value of 75,000 by SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and fibrin autoradiography supports this characterization. There was also evidence for an Mr 105,000 component, which could be due to a proteinase-inhibitor complex. The mechanism of regulation of this tPA activity has been studied in the clonal osteogenic sarcoma cells. Parathyroid hormone ( PTH) and prostaglandin E2, which increase cyclic AMP production in the sarcoma cells, also increased tPA activity. The sensitivity and magnitude of the tPA response to PTH and prostaglandin E2 were increased by simultaneous treatment with isobutylmethylxanthine (IBMX) at drug concentrations which had little effect themselves on tPA activity. In UMR 106-06 cells, which unlike UMR 106-01 cells show a cyclic AMP response to calcitonin, tPA activity was also increased in response to calcitonin, and the effect was enhanced by IBMX. 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D-3 also increased tPA activity in the cells, but this response was not modified by IBMX. Synthetic peptide antagonists of PTH-responsive adenylate cyclase, [34Tyr]-hPTH (3-34) amide and [34Tyr]-hPTH (5-34) amide, inhibited the PTH- induced increase in tPA activity over the same concentration range at which they inhibited cyclic AMP production, but the antagonist peptides had no effect on the tPA responses to prostaglandin E2, calcitonin or 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D-3. These data indicate that cyclic AMP mediates the actions of PTH, prostaglandin E2 and calcitonin in increasing tPA activity in the clonal osteogenic sarcoma cells. 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D-3, on the other hand, increases tPA activity through a mechanism independent of cyclic AMP.[1]


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