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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Transplacental uptake of WR 2721 by the rat embryo.

On day 14 post-conception, near the end of the period of major organogenesis, pregnant rats were injected intravenously or intraperitoneally with WR 2721 spiked with 14C-WR 2721. The radioprotectant was shown to cross the placenta rapidly when administered by either route, and the concentration of WR 2721 in the embryos, placentae, and maternal blood plasma was determined during the period 5 to 90 minutes following administration. The concentration of WR 2721 increased continuously in the embryos during this period and did so against a decreasing concentration in the maternal blood. Injection of WR 2721 at 100 mg/kg of maternal body weight resulted in the presence of 8-9-mg/kg embryo weight; this embryo level is about 1/2 the injected dose of WR 2721 currently being used in human radiotherapy trials, that is, 20 mg/kg (740 mg/m2) body weight. Previous toxicity studies of 9, 11, and 14 day rat embryos have shown that this 100 mg/kg dose is much below the level which produces embryotoxic effects.[1]


  1. Transplacental uptake of WR 2721 by the rat embryo. Davis, M.E., Conger, A.D., Sodicoff, M. Int. J. Radiat. Oncol. Biol. Phys. (1987) [Pubmed]
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