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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Formation of two major nicotine metabolites in livers of guinea pigs.

Using antibody against NADPH-cytochrome P-450 reductase and several effectors of cytochrome P-450 and FAD-containing monooxygenase, we investigated nicotine metabolites formed by these two enzymes. When [3H]nicotine was metabolized by the combination of liver microsomes of guinea pigs and partially purified aldehyde oxidase, three distinct spots corresponding to nicotine, cotinine and nicotine-1'-oxide were observed on fluorograms of thin-layer chromatography. Antibody against NADPH-cytochrome P-450 reductase inhibited the formation of cotinine but not nicotine-1'-oxide. Metyrapone and n-octylamine inhibited the cotinine formation, while methimazole prevented the formation of nicotine-1'-oxide. These results show that microsomal electron transport systems participate in the formation of nicotine-1'-oxide and strongly suggest the involvement of FAD-containing monooxygenase in the formation of nicotine-1'-oxide.[1]


  1. Formation of two major nicotine metabolites in livers of guinea pigs. Nakayama, H., Fujihara, S., Nakashima, T., Kurogochi, Y. Biochem. Pharmacol. (1987) [Pubmed]
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