The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Establishment of a biochemically active intestinal ecosystem in ex-germfree rats.

A time course study for the establishment of some biochemical microbial intestinal functions was undertaken in ex-germfree rats conventionalized, i.e., colonized with conventional flora, in three different ways: untreated (group 1); contact with visitor rats (group 2); inoculated with intestinal contents from conventional rats (group 3). The first two groups of rats were inoculated with the intestinal contents from conventional rats after being out of the germfree isolators for 4 weeks. The biochemical parameters studied were degradation of mucin, inactivation of tryptic activity, conversion of cholesterol to coprostanol and of bilirubin to urobilinogen, degradation of beta-aspartylglycine, and formation of short-chain fatty acids. The results showed that the way in which the microbes were introduced and the microbial biochemical functions themselves were of importance. In several cases, social contacts, i.e., contact with visitor rats, were just as effective for the functionally adequate establishment of microbial intestinal functions as was inoculation with intestinal contents from conventional rats. Some of the biochemical parameters studied were established after a few days, whereas the establishment of others was markedly delayed. When inoculated after 4 weeks, all rats in the first two groups were colonized with conventional flora within 1 week. The results indicate that the model system described is suitable when studying buildup mechanisms in intestinal ecosystem(s).[1]


  1. Establishment of a biochemically active intestinal ecosystem in ex-germfree rats. Midtvedt, T., Carlstedt-Duke, B., Höverstad, T., Midtvedt, A.C., Norin, K.E., Saxerholt, H. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. (1987) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities