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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
MeSH Review

Gastrointestinal Contents

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Disease relevance of Gastrointestinal Contents


Psychiatry related information on Gastrointestinal Contents

  • RESULTS: The agent KW5139 induced brief, weak contractions in the graft and had little effect on the dilated bowel; however, octreotide induced motor activity that propelled accumulated intestinal contents into the colon and reduced dilation of the transplanted bowel [6].

High impact information on Gastrointestinal Contents


Chemical compound and disease context of Gastrointestinal Contents


Biological context of Gastrointestinal Contents


Anatomical context of Gastrointestinal Contents


Associations of Gastrointestinal Contents with chemical compounds

  • This indicates the intestinal contents as the source of the plasma cholate and shows an equilibrium between intestinal and plasma bile acid even without bile flow [10].
  • Determinations for total and individual bile acids, as well as the bile acid conjugated/unconjugated and glycine/taurine ratios were made on aliquots of upper intestinal contents of symptomatic and asymptomatic patients [27].
  • Sodium taurocholate (100 mumol/hr intraduodenally) partially reversed the changes in pancreatic secretion and intestinal contents' activities of trypsin and chymotrypsin caused by bile diversion [28].
  • We investigated the presence of vitamin B 12 analogues (cobamides) and the bacterial conversion of 57Co-B12 (vitamin B12 cyanocobalamin, [57Co]-CN-Cbl) into cobamides in the intestinal contents of four patients with bacterial overgrowth [29].
  • When ethionine was administered alone, it was metabolized in the intestinal lumen as demonstrated by the analysis of the soluble intestinal contents; the presence of cupric acetate inhibited this process [30].

Gene context of Gastrointestinal Contents

  • Analysis of stomach contents revealed that NHE4-/- mice were hypochlorhydric [31].
  • Our finding that AQP9 is present specifically in goblet cells as mucus-secreting cells suggests its involvement in the synthesis and/or secretion of a certain kind of mucus which may protect the intestinal surface and smooth the flow of intestinal contents [32].
  • We have found that strains containing a mutation in hilA or invG were recovered from the intestinal contents, intestinal tissues, and systemic tissues at a lower frequency than their parental wild-type strain [33].
  • Stomach concentrations of somatostatin, and total stomach contents of somatostatin and gastrin, were similar in insulinoma-bearing and control rats [34].
  • Total intestinal content of iNOS mRNA was also increased by H/R and this increase was partly reduced by treatment with MPG [35].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Gastrointestinal Contents


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  2. Use of ethanol for selective isolation of sporeforming microorganisms. Koransky, J.R., Allen, S.D., Dowell, V.R. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. (1978) [Pubmed]
  3. Detection and identification of gastrointestinal Lactobacillus species by using denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis and species-specific PCR primers. Walter, J., Tannock, G.W., Tilsala-Timisjarvi, A., Rodtong, S., Loach, D.M., Munro, K., Alatossava, T. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. (2000) [Pubmed]
  4. Influence of a probiotic Enterococcus faecium strain on development of the immune system of sows and piglets. Scharek, L., Guth, J., Reiter, K., Weyrauch, K.D., Taras, D., Schwerk, P., Schierack, P., Schmidt, M.F., Wieler, L.H., Tedin, K. Vet. Immunol. Immunopathol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  5. Sudden infant death and liver phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase analysis. Sturner, W.Q., Susa, J.B. Forensic Sci. Int. (1980) [Pubmed]
  6. Amelioration of intestinal dysmotility and stasis by octreotide early after small-bowel autotransplantation in dogs. Nakada, K., Ikoma, A., Suzuki, T., Reynolds, J.C., Campbell, W.L., Todo, S., Starzl, T.E. Am. J. Surg. (1995) [Pubmed]
  7. Disappearance of nitrite from the rat stomach: contribution of emptying and other factors. Mirvish, S.S., Patil, K., Ghadirian, P., Kommineni, V.R. J. Natl. Cancer Inst. (1975) [Pubmed]
  8. Gastroduodenal dysfunction and bacterial colonisation of the ventilated lung. Inglis, T.J., Sherratt, M.J., Sproat, L.J., Gibson, J.S., Hawkey, P.M. Lancet (1993) [Pubmed]
  9. Appearance of exogenous epidermal growth factor in liver, bile, and intestinal lumen of suckling rats. Kong, W.Y., Koldovský, O., Rao, R.K. Gastroenterology (1992) [Pubmed]
  10. Bile acid transport in the anhepatic rat. Cucchiaro, G., Meyers, W.C., Young, S.L., Branum, G.D., Quarfordt, S. Gastroenterology (1992) [Pubmed]
  11. Relationship of motility to flow of contents in the human small intestine. Kerlin, P., Zinsmeister, A., Phillips, S. Gastroenterology (1982) [Pubmed]
  12. Effect of zinc bacitracin and salinomycin on intestinal microflora and performance of broilers. Engberg, R.M., Hedemann, M.S., Leser, T.D., Jensen, B.B. Poult. Sci. (2000) [Pubmed]
  13. Inorganic and organic fluoride concentrations in tissues after the oral administration of sodium monofluoroacetate (Compound 1080) to rats. Egekeze, J.O., Oehme, F.W. Toxicology (1979) [Pubmed]
  14. Cesarean section in a patient with syringomyelia. Murayama, K., Mamiya, K., Nozaki, K., Sakurai, K., Sengoku, K., Takahata, O., Iwasaki, H. Canadian journal of anaesthesia = Journal canadien d'anesthésie. (2001) [Pubmed]
  15. A method for reproducing fatal idiopathic colitis (colitis X) in ponies and isolation of a clostridium as a possible agent. Prescott, J.F., Staempfli, H.R., Barker, I.K., Bettoni, R., Delaney, K. Equine Vet. J. (1988) [Pubmed]
  16. Protection against acid pulmonary aspiration with cimetidine. Brock-Utne, J.G., Downing, J.W., O'Keefe, S.J., Gjessing, J. Anaesthesia and intensive care. (1983) [Pubmed]
  17. Importance of phospholipids, pancreatic phospholipase A2, and fatty acid for the digestion of dietary fat: in vitro experiments with the porcine enzymes. Borgström, B. Gastroenterology (1980) [Pubmed]
  18. Benzo(a)pyrene disposition and metabolism in rats following intratracheal instillation. Weyand, E.H., Bevan, D.R. Cancer Res. (1986) [Pubmed]
  19. Prevention of hypercholesterolemia in monkeys (Macaca fascicularis) by digitonin. Malinow, M.R., McLaughlin, P., Stafford, C. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. (1978) [Pubmed]
  20. Cold-induced reduction in Gi alpha proteins in brown adipose tissue. Effects on the cellular hypersensitization to noradrenaline caused by pertussis-toxin treatment. Svoboda, P., Unelius, L., Dicker, A., Cannon, B., Milligan, G., Nedergaard, J. Biochem. J. (1996) [Pubmed]
  21. Dietary spermidine and spermine participate in the maturation of galactosyltransferase activity and glycoprotein galactosylation in rat small intestine. Gréco, S., Niepceron, E., Hugueny, I., George, P., Louisot, P., Biol, M.C. J. Nutr. (2001) [Pubmed]
  22. Diversion of intestinal flow decreases the numbers of interleukin 4 secreting and interferon gamma secreting T lymphocytes in small bowel mucosa. Schmit, A., Van Gossum, A., Carol, M., Houben, J.J., Mascart, F. Gut (2000) [Pubmed]
  23. Analysis of bile acids in conventional and germfree rats. Madsen, D., Beaver, M., Chang, L., Bruckner-Kardoss, E., Wostmann, B. J. Lipid Res. (1976) [Pubmed]
  24. The effects of chronic prednisone administration on intestinal receptors for 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 in the dog. Korkor, A.B., Kuchibotla, J., Arrieh, M., Gray, R.W., Gleason, W.A. Endocrinology (1985) [Pubmed]
  25. In vitro fermentation pattern of D-tagatose is affected by adaptation of the microbiota from the gastrointestinal tract of pigs. Laerke, H.N., Jensen, B.B., Højsgaard, S. J. Nutr. (2000) [Pubmed]
  26. Role of parotid amylase in starch digestion in the gastro-intestinal tracts of diabetic rats. Kurahashi, M., Inomata, K. J. Dent. Res. (1989) [Pubmed]
  27. Reflux gastritis syndrome: mechanism of symptoms. Meshkinpour, H., Marks, J.W., Schoenfield, L.J., Bonnoris, G.G., Carter, S. Gastroenterology (1980) [Pubmed]
  28. Importance of bile in regulation of intraluminal proteolytic enzyme activities in the rat. Green, G.M., Nasset, E.S. Gastroenterology (1980) [Pubmed]
  29. Production of vitamin B 12 analogues in patients with small-bowel bacterial overgrowth. Brandt, L.J., Bernstein, L.H., Wagle, A. Ann. Intern. Med. (1977) [Pubmed]
  30. The effect of cupric acetate on ethionine metabolism. Brada, Z., Altman, N.H., Bulba, S. Cancer Res. (1975) [Pubmed]
  31. Impaired gastric acid secretion in mice with a targeted disruption of the NHE4 Na+/H+ exchanger. Gawenis, L.R., Greeb, J.M., Prasad, V., Grisham, C., Sanford, L.P., Doetschman, T., Andringa, A., Miller, M.L., Shull, G.E. J. Biol. Chem. (2005) [Pubmed]
  32. Aquaporin-9 is expressed in a mucus-secreting goblet cell subset in the small intestine. Okada, S., Misaka, T., Matsumoto, I., Watanabe, H., Abe, K. FEBS Lett. (2003) [Pubmed]
  33. Invasion genes are not required for Salmonella enterica serovar typhimurium to breach the intestinal epithelium: evidence that salmonella pathogenicity island 1 has alternative functions during infection. Murray, R.A., Lee, C.A. Infect. Immun. (2000) [Pubmed]
  34. Somatostatin, gastrin-releasing peptide and gastrin in the stomach of rats with streptozotocin-induced diabetes and insulinoma. Flatt, P.R., Bailey, C.J., Conlon, J.M. J. Nutr. (1991) [Pubmed]
  35. Hemorrhagic shock resuscitation affects early and selective mesenteric artery endothelial function through a free radical-dependent mechanism. Savoye, G., Tamion, F., Richard, V., Varin, R., Thuillez, C. Shock (2005) [Pubmed]
  36. delta 22-Ursodeoxycholic acid, a unique metabolite of administered ursodeoxycholic acid in rats, indicating partial beta-oxidation as a major pathway for bile acid metabolism. Setchell, K.D., Yamashita, H., Rodrigues, C.M., O'Connell, N.C., Kren, B.T., Steer, C.J. Biochemistry (1995) [Pubmed]
  37. Effect of cecum and appendix on 7 alpha-dehydroxylation and 7 beta-epimerization of chenodeoxycholic acid in the rabbit. Yahiro, K., Setoguchi, T., Katsuki, T. J. Lipid Res. (1980) [Pubmed]
  38. Cell-culture propagation of porcine enteric calicivirus mediated by intestinal contents is dependent on the cyclic AMP signaling pathway. Chang, K.O., Kim, Y., Green, K.Y., Saif, L.J. Virology (2002) [Pubmed]
  39. Vasopressin effects on the small intestine: a possible factor in paralytic ileus? Mitchell, A., Collin, J. The British journal of surgery. (1985) [Pubmed]
  40. Diversity of lactic acid bacteria associated with ducks. Kurzak, P., Ehrmann, M.A., Vogel, R.F. Syst. Appl. Microbiol. (1998) [Pubmed]
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