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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Valproate monotherapy in partial seizures.

Results of a retrospective study in 30 patients indicate that, contrary to the findings of some earlier studies, valproate monotherapy is highly effective in the treatment of partial seizures, especially those that become secondarily generalized. In 22 of these 30 patients (73 percent), valproate monotherapy either abolished seizures (12 patients) or reduced their frequency by at least 51 percent (10 patients), whereas eight patients experienced minimal or no reduction in seizure frequency. All these patients had previously experienced treatment failure with carbamazepine, phenytoin, or phenobarbital--either alone or combined--because of lack of efficacy or unacceptable side effects. In these patients, failure to have a response to valproate therapy appeared to be related to the type of seizure (simple partial seizures alone/complex partial seizures alone, without secondarily generalized tonic-clonic seizures) and longer duration of uncontrolled seizures. Although these results cannot be generalized to all patients with partial seizures, they do indicate that a double-blind randomized trial of valproate in patients with all types of partial seizures is warranted.[1]


  1. Valproate monotherapy in partial seizures. Penry, J.K., Dean, J.C. Am. J. Med. (1988) [Pubmed]
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