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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Cross-linking of the proteins in the outer membrane of Escherichia coli.

1. The organization of the proteins in the outer membrane of Escherichia coli was examined by the use of cross-linking agents and two-dimensional sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Treatment of protein A-peptidoglycan complexes with dithiobis(succinimidyl propionate) or glutaraldehyde produced the dimer, trimer, and higher oligomers of protein A. Both forms of this protein, proteins A1 and A2, produced similar cross-linking products. No cross-linking of protein A to the peptidoglycan was detected. 2. The proteins of the isolated outer membrane varied in their ease of cross-linking. The heat-modifiable protein, protein B, was readily cross-linked to give high molecular weight oligomers, while protein A formed mainly the dimer and trimer under the same conditions. The pronase resistant fragment, protein Bp, derived from protein B was not readily cross-linked. No linkage of protein A to protein B was detected. 3. Cross-linking of cell wall preparations, consisting of the outer membrane and peptidoglycan, showed that protein B and the free form of the lipoprotein, protein F, could be linked to the peptidoglycan. A dimer of protein F, and protein F linked to protein B, were detected. 4. These results suggest that specific protein-protein interactions occur in the outer membrane.[1]


  1. Cross-linking of the proteins in the outer membrane of Escherichia coli. Reithmeier, R.A., Bragg, P.D. Biochim. Biophys. Acta (1977) [Pubmed]
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