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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Inhibition of N-methyl-D-aspartate evoked sodium flux by MK-801.

The inhibition of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) stimulated 22Na+ efflux from rat hippocampal slices was studied using competitive and non-competitive receptor antagonists. There was a good correlation between the abilities of the competitive antagonists to block NMDA evoked 22Na+ efflux and their potencies as inhibitors of L-[3H]glutamate binding. The recently reported novel NMDA receptor antagonist, (+)-5-methyl-16,11-dihydro-5H-dibenzo[a,d]cyclohepten-5,10-imine (MK-801) was shown to non-competitively inhibit NMDA stimulated 22Na+ efflux with an IC50 value of 0.4 microM. Relatively high (10 microM) concentrations of MK-801 had no effects on quisqualic acid, alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-isoxazole-4-propionic acid (AMPA), or kainic acid stimulated efflux. However, MK-801 was able to block 22Na+ efflux induced by ibotenic acid and L-homocysteic acid, amino acids that act as NMDA receptor agonists. MK-801, (-)-MK-801, and non-competitive NMDA receptor antagonists of the arylcyclohexylamine and dioxolane classes inhibited NMDA stimulated 22Na+ efflux with potencies that reflected their abilities to compete for [3H]MK-801 binding sites in rat cortical membranes. These results indicate the utility of the 22Na+ efflux assay in studying the properties of NMDA receptors and confirm the nature and selectivity of the inhibition of NMDA receptor linked ion channel activation by MK-801.[1]


  1. Inhibition of N-methyl-D-aspartate evoked sodium flux by MK-801. Ransom, R.W., Stec, N.L. Brain Res. (1988) [Pubmed]
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