The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Characterization of rat cellular retinol-binding protein II expressed in Escherichia coli.

Rat cellular retinol-binding protein II (CRBP II) is a small (15.6 kDa) intracellular protein that binds all-trans-retinol. In the adult rat, expression of the CRBP II gene is essentially limited to the small intestinal lining cells (enterocytes), suggesting that CRBP II may be uniquely adapted for intestinal metabolism of newly absorbed retinol. Functional and structural analysis of this protein has been hampered by difficulties in freeing rat intestinal CRBP II from its ligand without denaturation. To circumvent this problem, we have obtained efficient expression of rat apoCRBP II in Escherichia coli. The purified E. coli-derived apoprotein, when complexed with all-trans-retinol, demonstrates fluorescence excitation-emission spectra and absorption spectra indistinguishable from that of CRBP II-retinol isolated from rat intestine. Quantitative ligand binding studies were performed by monitoring either the fluorescence of bound retinol or the quenching of protein fluorescence. They revealed that E. coli-derived CRBP II binds retinol tightly (the apparent dissociation constant is estimated to be 10(-7)-10(-8) M), with a stoichiometry of 1:1. Fluorescence quenching studies used acrylamide as a probe for the exposure of the 4 tryptophan residues to solvent. The results indicate that although there is heterogeneity in the exposure of these 4 tryptophan residues to solvent, they are situated in a relatively nonpolar environment. These studies suggest that E. coli-derived apoCRBP II will serve as a useful model for studying retinol-protein interactions.[1]


  1. Characterization of rat cellular retinol-binding protein II expressed in Escherichia coli. Li, E., Locke, B., Yang, N.C., Ong, D.E., Gordon, J.I. J. Biol. Chem. (1987) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities