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Conversion of Trp 62 of hen egg-white lysozyme to Tyr by site-directed mutagenesis.

An expression plasmid for hen egg-white lysozyme in Saccharomyces cerevisiae was constructed by inserting almost full-length cDNA (about 600 base pairs) encoding hen egg-white pre-lysozyme into a yeast expression vector, pAM 82. The hen lysozyme was expressed under the control of the repressible acid phosphatase promoter of pAM 82 in S. cerevisiae. About half of the expressed lysozyme was secreted in the yeast growth medium as a precise mature protein which exhibited specific activity consistent with that of authentic hen egg-white lysozyme. The replacement of Trp 62 of hen egg-white lysozyme with a tyrosine residue was performed by site-directed mutagenesis using a 19-mer oligodeoxyribonucleotide. The mutant lysozyme with Tyr 62 was found to exhibit enhanced bacteriolytic activity.[1]


  1. Conversion of Trp 62 of hen egg-white lysozyme to Tyr by site-directed mutagenesis. Kumagai, I., Kojima, S., Tamaki, E., Miura, K. J. Biochem. (1987) [Pubmed]
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