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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Epinephrine infusion enhances muscle glycogenolysis during prolonged electrical stimulation.

To determine the effects of epinephrine (EPI) infusion on muscle glycogenolysis and force production, the quadriceps muscles of both legs in six subjects were intermittently stimulated for 30 min. Contractions lasted 1.6 s (20 Hz) and were separated by 1.6 s of rest. EPI was infused (approximately 0.14 body wt-1.min-1) in one leg during the last 15 min and the vastus lateralis was biopsied at rest (control leg only) and after 15, 18 (EPI leg only), and 30 min of stimulation. EPI infusion doubled the mole fraction of phosphorylase a (22.5 +/- 4.1 to 44.8 +/- 9.0%) and glycogenolysis (2.16 +/- 0.72 to 5.45 +/- 0.81 mmol glucosyl dry muscle wt-1.min-1) during stimulation. Muscle glucose 6-phosphate increased from 3.04 +/- 0.17 to 6.43 +/- 0.20 mmol/kg dry muscle wt, and lactate increased from 25.8 +/- 4.4 to 34.3 +/- 4.6 mmol/kg after 3 min of EPI infusion. Isometric force production was unaltered by EPI infusion. These results demonstrate a strong glycogenolytic effect of EPI infusion during prolonged electrical stimulation and suggest that the extra pyruvate formed was converted mainly to lactate. Exclusive anaerobic metabolism of the extra substrate would provide only a 10% increase in total ATP production, possibly accounting for the lack of improvement in force production. We suggest that the decrease in force production during prolonged electrical stimulation is related to decreased excitation of the contractile mechanism rather than inhibition of cross-bridge turnover caused by a shortage of energy or accumulation of hyproducts.[1]


  1. Epinephrine infusion enhances muscle glycogenolysis during prolonged electrical stimulation. Spriet, L.L., Ren, J.M., Hultman, E. J. Appl. Physiol. (1988) [Pubmed]
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