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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Stimulation of muscarinic receptors raises free intracellular Ca2+ concentration in rat ventricular myocytes.

The effect of carbachol on free intracellular calcium concentration, ([Ca2+]i) and on intracellular hydrogen concentration (pHi) was determined from fluorescence signals obtained from rat ventricular myocytes. Application of carbachol (300 mumol/l) to quin2-loaded myocytes bathed in 2 mmol/l Ca2+-containing solution caused [Ca2+]i to increase within 7-10 minutes from 182 +/- 9 to 212 +/- 11 nmol/l (n = 4). Carbachol acted via stimulation of muscarinic receptors because atropine (1 mumol/l) either prevented or abolished the increase in [Ca2+]i. Carbachol also produced a positive inotropic effect in rat papillary muscles contracting isometrically at a frequency of 0.5 Hz and enhanced contracture in resting preparations in the presence of high extracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]o) (20 mmol/l). The effect of carbachol on [Ca2+]i was dependent on [Ca2+]o. In the presence of 10 mmol/l [Ca2+]o, the increase in [Ca2+]i was about two times that elicited by carbachol when bath [Ca2+]o was 2 mmol/l. Reduction of [Ca2+]o to 50 mumol/l abolished the carbachol effect but did not prevent caffeine-induced Ca2+ release. The carbachol-induced rise in [Ca2+]i remained unchanged in the presence of either 10 mmol/l caffeine or 1 mumol/l ryanodine. In the absence of extracellular Na+ concentration [( Na+]o), carbachol no longer produced an increase in [Ca2+]i of cardiomyocytes and failed to enhance Na+-withdrawal contracture of the rat papillary muscle. In contrast to the effect on [Ca2+]i, carbachol did not produce any change in pHi as determined from fluorescence signals obtained from rat ventricular myocytes loaded with 2',7'-bis(carboxyethyl)-5,6-carboxyfluorescein.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


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