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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A high pressure liquid chromatographic method for the separation and quantitation of water-soluble radiolabeled benzene metabolites.

The glucuronide and sulfate conjugates of benzene metabolites as well as muconic acid and pre-phenyl- and phenylmercapturic acids were separated by ion-pairing HPLC. The HPLC method developed was suitable for automated analysis of a large number of tissue or excreta samples. p-Nitrophenyl [14C]glucuronide was used as an internal standard for quantitation of these water-soluble metabolites. Quantitation was verified by spiking liver tissue with various amounts of phenylsulfate or glucuronides of phenol, catechol, or hydroquinone and analyzing by HPLC. Values determined by HPLC analysis were within 10% of the actual amount with which the liver was spiked. The amount of metabolite present in urine following exposure to [3H]benzene was determined using p-nitrophenyl [14C]glucuronide as an internal standard. Phenylsulfate was the major water-soluble metabolite in the urine of F344 rats exposed to 50 ppm [3H]benzene for 6 h. Muconic acid and an unknown metabolite which decomposed in acidic media to phenylmercapturic acid were also present. Liver, however, contained a different metabolic profile. Phenylsulfate, muconic acid, and pre-phenylmercapturic acids as well as an unknown with a HPLC retention time of 7 min were the major metabolites in the liver. This indicates that urinary metabolite profiles may not be a true reflection of what is seen in individual tissues.[1]


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