The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Recombinant human interferon alpha enhancement of retinoic-acid-induced differentiation of HL-60 cells.

We have previously demonstrated that a combination of interferon beta and a differentiation agent, dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), is cytotoxic for HL-60 cells, a human promyelocytic leukemic cell line. We now report that a combination of recombinant interferon alpha (Intron; Schering) and retinoic acid is synergistically cytostatic for HL-60 cells. Retinoic acid (RA) induced the differentiation of HL-60 cells into granulocytes. Interferon ( IFN) alone at 1-1000 IU/ml had no effect on either differentiation or proliferation of HL-60 cells. The addition of 1000 IU/ml of IFN and 10(-7) M RA at the initiation of culture reduced the number of viable cells to 28% of that observed for cells treated with RA alone. The decreased number of cells was a result of decreased cellular proliferation, rather than of a cytotoxic effect of the combination. IFN-RA-treated cells differentiated more rapidly than cells treated with RA alone. In addition, the final percentage of mature cells was increased at day 7 in IFN-RA-treated cultures, as compared with RA-treated cells. Simultaneous treatment of the cells with IFN and RA decreased the concentration of RA needed to induce differentiation or to exert a cytostatic effect. Significant changes in the nuclear structure of RA-treated HL-60 cells after 24 h have been reported. Cells were pulsed with RA for 24 h, washed, and IFN added. At day 7, cell growth was inhibited to the same extent as that of cells continuously exposed to IFN-RA. However, while 70% of the continuously exposed cell differentiated, cells pulsed with RA and subsequently treated with IFN did not differentiate. The results of this investigation further support our findings that combinations of IFN and inducers of differentiation may be of importance in the treatment of leukemia.[1]


  1. Recombinant human interferon alpha enhancement of retinoic-acid-induced differentiation of HL-60 cells. Kohlhepp, E.A., Condon, M.E., Hamburger, A.W. Exp. Hematol. (1987) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities