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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Retinoic acid and glucocorticoids enhance the effect of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 on bone gamma-carboxyglutamic acid protein synthesis by rat osteosarcoma cells.

Two 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3-controlled parameters in the osteoblastlike osteosarcoma cell line ROS 17/2, bone gamma-carboxyglutamic acid-containing protein (BGP) and collagen synthesis, were measured after pretreatments with either retinoic acid (RA), or triamcinolone acetate (TRM). RA and TRM both caused double the expected increase in BGP secretion at 16 hr after treatment with 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3. Triamcinolone acetate concentrations of 10(-8) and 10(-9) M or 10(-6) M retinoic acid were effective in enhancing the 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 stimulation of BGP secretion. Treatment with RA or TRM alone did not stimulate BGP secretion. RA alone had no effect on BGP secretion, while TRM inhibited BGP secretion. Collagen synthesis is inhibited by 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3. Neither retinoic acid nor triamcinolone acetate enhanced the 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3-mediated inhibition of collagen synthesis. Retinoic acid by itself inhibited collagen synthesis but did not change the 1,25 dihydroxyvitamin D3-mediated inhibition of collagen synthesis. Triamcinolone acetate by itself or together with 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 increased collagen synthesis. We conclude that, although both triamcinolone acetate and retinoic acid increase the 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 stimulation of BGP secretion by ROS 17/2 cells, they have different effects on the regulation of collagen production. Thus, although both hormones increase the 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 receptor concentration in these cells, their actions are not mediated solely by this mechanism.[1]


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