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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Characterization of human T cell-derived IgE-potentiating factor.

We have previously shown that Fc epsilon receptor-positive (Fc epsilon R+) T cell lines from patients with the hyper IgE syndrome secrete IgE-binding factors which selectively enhance IgE but not IgG synthesis in cultures of B cells obtained from patients with allergic rhinitis but not from nonatopic subject. In the present study we have tested the effect of supernatants from Fc epsilon R+ T cell lines on a large panel of B cells from atopic patients (n = 20). We found that IgE synthesis was selectively enhanced only in B cell cultures in which there was ongoing spontaneous synthesis of IgE. The target of IgE-potentiating factor(s) was a large low-density B cell present in the circulation of responding atopic donors. In addition, we further characterized IgE-potentiating factors derived from Fc epsilon R+ T cell lines. The factor(s) fractionated into 2 peaks on Sephadex G-75 with approximate molecular masses of 15,000 and 60,000 kDa, and had affinity for lentil lectin but not for peanut agglutinin. Release of IgE-potentiating factor(s) was enhanced by the addition of exogenous human IgE to Fc epsilon R+ T cell cultures and was inhibited by tunicamycin, an inhibitor of N-glycosylation. These studies suggest a close homology between the physicochemical characteristics of human and rodent IgE-potentiating factors and the immune signals which modulate production of these IgE regulatory factors.[1]


  1. Characterization of human T cell-derived IgE-potentiating factor. Young, M., Geha, R.S., Maksad, K.N., Leung, D.Y. Eur. J. Immunol. (1986) [Pubmed]
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