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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Base pair substitution and frameshift mutagenesis induced by apurinic sites and two fluorene derivatives in a recA441 lexA (Def) strain.

One of the consequences of the induction of the Escherichia coli SOS system is the increased ability of the cells to perform mutagenesis. Induction of the SOS system is the result of derepression of a set of genes through a regulatory mechanism controlled by LexA and RecA. In response to an inducing signal, RecA is activated in a form that facilitates the proteolytic cleavage of LexA repressor. Previous works have shown that activated RecA plays a second role, i.e. it is required for the establishment of base pair substitution mutations promoted by UV irradiation. Using a forward mutational assay and recA441 lexA (Def) host bacteria, we show that the result can be extended not only to other mutagens promoting base pair substitution mutations (Apurinic sites, Ap sites and N-hydroxy-N-2-aminofluorene, N-OH-AF) but also mutagens promoting frameshift mutations (N-Acetoxy-N-2-acetylaminofluorene, N-AcO-AAF). In the recA441 lexA (Def) strain all the genes which are part of the lexA regulon, including recA itself, are expressed constitutively. The recA441 mutation allows RecA to acquire its activated form when the bacteria are grown at 42 degrees C. We show that in such strains Ap sites or N-OH-AF induce a high level of mutations only when the bacteria are grown at 42 degrees C. On the other hand, we show that N-AcO-AAF can promote mutations even at 30 degrees C; the number of mutations being increased when the bacteria were grown at 42 degrees C.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


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