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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The effects of ethanol and hyperosmotic perfusates on albumin synthesis and release.

Sucrose and ethanol inhibit albumin synthesis; sucrose via an osmotic mechanism and ethanol during its metabolism. The present study was undertaken to compare the effects of both of these agents on albumin synthesis and secretion, and to see if ethanol inhibition could be related to an osmotic effect. Male, fed rabbits served as liver donors in all studies. There were a total of 35 studies: 13 control; 10 ethanol (39 to 52 mM); 4 cycloheximide (0.5 mM), and 8 sucrose (1%). Plasma volume was measured with 125I-albumin (human) and extracellular volume measured with either 99mTc diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid or [14C]sucrose. During perfusion, rabbit albumin content in the perfusate was measured immunologically every 15 to 30 min for 225 min. Interstitial albumin efflux was measured by the rate of appearance in the perfusate of 125I-albumin given to 10 other rabbits 3 days prior to hepatic removal and perfusion. During the initial 75 min of perfusion, 74% of the in vivo equilibrated exchangeable 125I-albumin appeared in the perfusate, and during this period the rabbit albumin that entered the perfusate was taken to represent efflux from the interstitial volume plus synthesis. Rabbit albumin appearing in the perfusate during the later period of 150 min was taken to represent mainly synthesis and was used to calculate the amount of albumin that would be synthesized in 75 min. The difference between these two values would be hepatic interstitial albumin appearing in the perfusate.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


  1. The effects of ethanol and hyperosmotic perfusates on albumin synthesis and release. Rothschild, M.A., Oratz, M., Schreiber, S.S., Mongelli, J. Hepatology (1986) [Pubmed]
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