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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Dihydrotestosterone heptanoate: synthesis, pharmacokinetics, and effects on hypothalamic-pituitary-testicular function.

Dihydrotestosterone heptanoate (DHT-hp), a seven-carbon fatty acid ester of DHT, was synthesized, and its pharmacokinetics and effects on hypothalamic-pituitary-testicular function were determined in men and pubertal boys. Plasma DHT levels markedly increased 24 h after im injection of DHT-hp, reached their peak during the first week, and fell to baseline levels after 4-6 weeks. An estimated 43-55% of DHT-hp was converted to DHT 4-6 weeks after injection. Plasma testosterone, estradiol, LH, and FSH levels decreased by 4 days after DHT-hp injection, were lowest during the second week, and returned to baseline values after 4-6 weeks. The LH and FSH responses to GnRH were diminished by chronic administration of DHT-hp to pubertal boys at 3-week intervals for 15 weeks. The affinity of DHT-hp was 100 times less than the affinity of DHT for the human androgen receptor, and no affinity for the estrogen receptor in breast tissue could be demonstrated. Since DHT is a nonaromatizable androgen, and neither DHT nor DHT-hp binds readily to the estrogen receptor, suppression of LH and FSH secretion by this drug probably occurs via an androgen-dependent mechanism. Receptor binding and pharmacokinetic data indicate that unesterified DHT is the active principle. DHT-hp is a useful derivative of DHT, since prompt, predictable, and sustained rises in DHT occur after its administration.[1]

References

  1. Dihydrotestosterone heptanoate: synthesis, pharmacokinetics, and effects on hypothalamic-pituitary-testicular function. Keenan, B.S., Eberle, A.J., Sparrow, J.T., Greger, N.G., Panko, W.B. J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. (1987) [Pubmed]
 
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