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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Suppression of defective RAS1 and RAS2 functions in yeast by an adenylate cyclase activated by a single amino acid change.

We have constructed the yeast strain TS1, with the RAS2 gene replaced by mutant allele encoding a partially defective gene product, and with an inactive RAS1 gene. TS1 cells accumulate as unbudded cells upon temperature shift from 30 to 37 degrees C, thus showing that the RAS1 and RAS2 gene functions are important for progression through the G1 phase of the cell cycle. After the isolation of revertants able to grow at the nonpermissive temperature, we have found that a chromosomal point mutation can bypass the G1 arrest of TS1 and cdc25 cells, and the lethality of ras1 ras2 mutants. The mutation predicts the replacement of threonine by isoleucine at position 1651 of yeast adenylate cyclase. The RAS-independent, as well as the RAS-dependent adenylate cyclase activity, is increased by the mutation. Like the wild-type enzyme, the RAS-dependent activity of the mutant adenylate cyclase is turned on by the GTP- bound form of the RAS2 protein. The amino acid sequence surrounding the threonine 1651 shows similarity with protein kinase substrates. Possible implications for the function of adenylate cyclase are discussed.[1]


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