The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Heparin decreases the degradation rate of lipoprotein lipase in adipocytes.

The mechanism responsible for the stimulation of secretion of lipoprotein lipase by heparin in cultured cells was studied with avian adipocytes in culture. Immunoprecipitation followed by electrophoresis and fluorography were used to isolate and quantitate the radiolabeled enzyme, whereas total lipoprotein lipase was quantitated by radioimmunoassay. Rates of synthesis of lipoprotein lipase were not different for control or heparin treatments as judged by incorporation of L-[35S]methionine counts into lipoprotein lipase during a 20-min pulse. This observation was corroborated in pulse-chase experiments where the calculation of total lipoprotein lipase synthesis, based on the rate of change in enzyme-specific activity during the chase, showed no difference between control (8.13 +/- 3.1) and heparin treatments (9.1 +/- 5.3 ng/h/60-mm dish). Secretion rates of enzyme were calculated from measurements of the radioactivity of the secreted enzyme and the cellular enzyme-specific activity. Degradation rates were calculated by difference between synthesis and secretion rates of enzyme. In control cells 76% of the synthesized enzyme was degraded. Addition of heparin to the culture medium reduced the degradation rate to 21% of the synthetic rate. The presence of heparin in cell media resulted in a decrease in apparent intracellular retention half-time for secreted enzyme from 160 +/- 44 min to 25 +/- 1 min. The above data demonstrate that the increase in lipoprotein lipase protein secretion, observed upon addition of heparin to cultured adipocytes, is due to a decreased degradation rate with no change in synthetic rate. Finally, newly synthesized lipoprotein lipase in cultured adipocytes is secreted constitutively and there is no evidence that it is stored in an intracellular pool.[1]


  1. Heparin decreases the degradation rate of lipoprotein lipase in adipocytes. Cupp, M., Bensadoun, A., Melford, K. J. Biol. Chem. (1987) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities