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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Normal cholesterol absorption in rats deficient in intestinal acyl coenzyme A:cholesterol acyltransferase activity.

Acyl coenzyme A:cholesterol acyl transferase and/or cholesterol esterase may regulate the esterification and absorption of exogenous cholesterol. To assess this, mucosal acyl coenzyme A:cholesterol acyl transferase activity was inhibited selectively with three different drugs [Sandoz #58-035, inhibitor 1; Lederle inhibitor 2 and inhibitor 3] and the effect upon the absorption of a [4-14C]cholesterol meal was studied in the lymph fistula rat. Compared to control rats, ACAT activity measured in mucosal homogenates from the drug-treated rats was reduced 80-90%, 40%, and 30%, respectively, during the predicted time-frame for maximum mucosal esterification of cholesterol (i.e., after cholesterol is fed and before it appears in lymph). In contrast, [14C]cholesterol absorption in the drug-treated animals was unchanged from controls [5.7 +/- 1.2 (inhibitor 1) vs. 5.4 +/- 1.6 mumol/6 hr (control); 6.1 +/- 2.1 (inhibitor 2) and 5.2 +/- 1.5 (inhibitor 3) vs. 4.1 +/- 1.3 mumol/6 hr (control)]. Of the absorbed [14C]cholesterol, approximately 75% was esterified in all groups. Cholesterol esterase activity measured in the drug-treated rats was unchanged compared to controls nor did the drugs inhibit this enzyme in vitro. Under the conditions of this study, drugs causing substantial inhibition of acyl coenzyme A:cholesterol acyl transferase activity had no effect on the absorption of exogenous cholesterol.[1]


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