The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Formation of primary and secondary myotubes in rat lumbrical muscles.

Numbers of myoblasts, primary myotubes and secondary myotubes in developing rat embryo hindlimb IVth lumbrical muscles were counted at daily intervals up until the time of birth, using electron microscopy. Motoneurone death at the spinal cord level supplying the lumbricals was assessed by counting axons in the 4th lumbar ventral root. Death of the motoneurones that supply the intrinsic muscles of the hindfoot was monitored by comparing the timecourse of development of total muscle choline acetyltransferase activity in control embryos with that in embryos where motoneurone death was inhibited by chronic paralysis with TTX, and by counting axons in the mixed nerve trunks at the level of the ankle at daily intervals. Condensations of undifferentiated cells marking the site of formation of the muscle were seen on embryonic day 15 (E15). Primary myotubes began to appear on E16 and reached a stable number (102 +/- 4) by E17. Secondary myotubes first appeared two days later, on E19, and numbered 280 at the time of birth (E22). The adult total of about 1000 muscle fibres, derived from both primary and secondary myotubes, was reached at postnatal day 7 (PN7) so considerable generation of secondary myotubes occurred after birth. There was a linear correlation between the number of undifferentiated mononucleate cells in a muscle and the rate of formation of secondary myotubes. The major period of motoneurone death in lumbar spinal cord was during E16-E17, when axon numbers in the L4 ventral root fell from 12,000 to 4000, but a discontinuity in the curve of muscle ChAT activity versus time indicated that death in the lumbrical motor pool occurred during E17-E19, after all primary myotubes had formed and before generation of secondary myotubes began. We suggest that motoneurone death, by regulating the final size of the motoneurone pool, regulates the ratio of secondary to primary myotube numbers in a muscle.[1]


  1. Formation of primary and secondary myotubes in rat lumbrical muscles. Ross, J.J., Duxson, M.J., Harris, A.J. Development (1987) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities