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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Induction of parturition, progesterone secretion, and delivery of placenta in beef heifers given relaxin with cloprostenol or dexamethasone.

Sixty primiparous beef heifers from a crossbreeding study were used to examine the effects of inducing parturition with relaxin (3,000 U/mg) combined with cloprostenol (500 micrograms, i.m., n = 30) or dexamethasone (20 mg, i.m., n = 30) at Day 273, 10 +/- 1 days before expected parturition (Day 283). Heifers were assigned at random within cloprostenol and dexamethasone groups to receive relaxin (1 mg, n = 5/treatment), i.m. or in the cervical os (OS), at 0 h (the same time as cloprostenol and dexamethasone) or 24 h later. Eleven and six first-calving heifers and sixteen and nine second-calving cows also received cloprostenol + relaxin and cloprostenol + phosphate-buffered saline, respectively. Radioimmunoassay of daily plasma samples indicated an abrupt decrease in progesterone with time (p less than 0.001), from 7.5 +/- 0.50 to 1.0 +/- 0.30 ng/ml (mean +/- SE) within 48 h for all groups. The mean rate of progesterone decrease (ng/ml in 24 h) was accelerated (p less than 0.01) in relaxin-treated heifers (5.3 +/- 0.36), in contrast to dexamethasone- and cloprostenol-treated control heifers (2.8 +/- 0.40). Relaxin combined with cloprostenol or dexamethasone shortened the calving period in these heifers by reducing the interval between treatment and calving (33 vs. 56 h; p less than 0.01). The incidence and duration of retained placenta were reduced by 22 vs. 75% and 14 vs. 34 h for relaxin combined with cloprostenol or dexamethasone as compared with cloprostenol- or dexamethasone-treated controls, respectively (p less than 0.01).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


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