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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Comparison of the heme structures of horseradish peroxidase compounds X and II by resonance Raman spectroscopy.

Horseradish peroxidase will catalyze the chlorination of certain substrates by sodium chlorite through an intermediate known as compound X. A chlorite-derived chlorine atom is known to be retained by compound X and has been proposed to be located at the heme active site. Although several heme structures have been proposed for compound X, including an Fe(IV)-OCl group, preliminary data previously reported by our laboratory suggested that compound X contained a heme Fe(IV) = O group, based on the similarity of a compound X resonance Raman band at 788 cm-1 to resonance Raman Fe(IV) = O stretching vibrations recently identified for horseradish peroxidase compound II and ferryl myoglobin. Isotopic studies now confirm that the 788 cm-1 resonance Raman band of compound X is, in fact, due to a heme Fe(IV) = O group, with the oxygen atom derived from chlorite. The Fe(IV) = O frequency of compound X, of horseradish peroxidase isoenzymes B and C, undergoes a pH-induced frequency shift, with behavior which appears to be the same as that previously reported for compound II, formed from the same isoenzymes. These observations strongly suggest that compounds II and X have very similar, if not identical, heme structures. The chlorine atom thus appears not to be heme-bound and may rather be located on an amino acid residue. The studies on compound X reported here were done in a pH region above pH 8, where compound X is moderately stable. The present results do not necessarily apply to compound X below pH 8.[1]


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