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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Pharmacokinetics of the thymidylate synthase inhibitor N10-propargyl-5,8-dideazafolic acid (CB3717) in the mouse.

The tissue distribution, excretion, and metabolism of the thymidylate synthase inhibitor N10-propargyl-5,8-dideazafolic acid (CB3717) have been investigated in the mouse. Following 100 mg/kg of 2-14C-CB3717 ip, levels of radioactivity in the brain, testes, muscle, heart, and lung equilibrated slowly with those in the plasma and were no longer significantly lower 5 hours (lung) and 12 hours (brain, testes, muscle, and heart) after administration. In contrast, concentrations of 14C in the liver and kidney were markedly higher than those in the plasma at all time points studied (1.3 hours-23 days). High-performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) analysis of livers removed 5 hours after drug administration and kidneys excised 24 hours after treatment indicated that, at these time points, greater than 50% of the radioactivity was in the form of unchanged CB3717. Furthermore, HPLC analysis of plasma removed over the period 0.5-6 hours demonstrated that all of the 14C could be accounted for as CB3717. Although the accumulation and retention of radioactivity in the liver and kidney were also apparent following 20 and 200 mg/kg of 14C-CB3717, the effect was less marked at the lower dose, thereby suggesting dose-dependent pharmacokinetics. In excretion studies (0-48 hours), the major route of elimination was found to be via the feces, with 46% of the 14C recovered; 26% of the dose was recovered as unchanged CB3717. Radioactivity excreted in the urine accounted for 20% of the administered 14C, while CB3717 eliminated via this route represented 15% of the dose. In addition to CB3717, a metabolite was detected in the feces which comprised 8% of the dose administered. The metabolite was shown to be 4-(N-((2-amino-4-hydroxy-6-quinazolinyl)methyl)prop-2-ynylamino) benzoic acid (CB3751) by HPLC and mass spectrometry. The formation of CB3751 could be catalyzed in vitro by the contents of the cecum and prevented in vivo by antibiotic pretreatment and is therefore considered to be the result of bacterial metabolism. CB3717 binds extensively to plasma proteins (92%; concentration range, 25-250 microM). These studies have shown that CB3717 does not apparently undergo extensive host metabolism in vivo, and therefore the biological properties of this novel antimetabolite are probably a function of the parent compound. In addition, the accumulation of CB3717 in the liver and kidney may be related to the hepatotoxic and nephrotoxic effects of this drug.[1]


  1. Pharmacokinetics of the thymidylate synthase inhibitor N10-propargyl-5,8-dideazafolic acid (CB3717) in the mouse. Newell, D.R., Alison, D.L., Calvert, A.H., Harrap, K.R., Jarman, M., Jones, T.R., Manteuffel-Cymborowska, M., O'Connor, P. Cancer treatment reports. (1986) [Pubmed]
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