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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Multiple biotin-containing proteins in 3T3-L1 cells.

Extracts of 3T3-L1 cells prepared after labelling the monolayer cultures with [3H]biotin contained numerous protein bands that were detected by fluorography of dried SDS/polyacrylamide electrophoresis gels. All labelled proteins in the extracts could be removed by avidin affinity chromatography. The biotin-containing subunits of acetyl-CoA carboxylase, pyruvate carboxylase, methylcrotonyl-CoA carboxylase and propionyl-CoA carboxylase, with molecular masses of approx. 220, 120, 75 and 72 kDa respectively, were detected together with minor bands at 100, 85 and 37 kDa that did not appear to be partial degradation products. Additional labelled bands increased in amount during incubation of cell extracts or did not occur in extracts prepared with trichloroacetic acid, 9.5 M-urea or proteolytic inhibitors, and were tentatively classified as partial degradation products. The unknown bands were not removed by incubation of cell monolayers for 24 h, a treatment that gave degradation rate constants of 0.47 day-1 for acetyl-CoA carboxylase and 0.28 day-1 for pyruvate carboxylase. Upon two-dimensional electrophoresis, pyruvate carboxylase, methylcrotonyl-CoA carboxylase and propionyl-CoA carboxylase had isoelectric points of 6.4, 7.2 and 6.4 respectively. Several additional discrete spots with isoelectric points below 6.2 were also present. All the unknown biotin-containing proteins banded with intact mitochondria during density-gradient centrifugation. We conclude that several unknown biotin-containing proteins are present in the mitochondria of 3T3-L1 cells, whereas others are partial breakdown products of mitochondrial proteolysis.[1]


  1. Multiple biotin-containing proteins in 3T3-L1 cells. Chandler, C.S., Ballard, F.J. Biochem. J. (1986) [Pubmed]
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