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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Diclofenac sodium, a negative chemokinetic factor for neutrophil locomotion.

Diclofenac sodium, a non steroidal anti-inflammatory agent, was studied for its influence on the locomotion of human polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMN), in an attempt to define the mechanism governing the drug's anti-inflammatory properties. PMN locomotion was measured by the agarose technique under two conditions of stimulation of cell migration: in the presence of a gradient of stimuli (chemotaxis) and in the presence of various amounts of stimuli incorporated in the gel (chemokinesis). At concentrations below 10 micrograms/ml, diclofenac in the gel reduced, in a dose-dependent manner, the directed locomotion of PMN induced by a gradient of C5a-activated serum, peptide N-formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine (FMLP) or Klebsiella pneumoniae culture supernatant (KPCS). Diclofenac also inhibited the random locomotion of unstimulated PMN, as well as the PMN chemokinetic activity induced by various amounts of FMLP or activated serum. Inhibition of PMN locomotion by diclofenac decreased when the concentration of the stimulant was raised; this inhibition was inversely related to the concentration of heat-inactivated fetal calf serum in the medium. The directed locomotion and chemokinesis of PMN, induced by FMLP were also reduced in PMN preincubated with diclofenac before migration, suggesting a direct cellular effect of diclofenac. On the other hand, diclofenac did not affect the changes in shape induced in floating PMN by FMLP or activated serum. The observation that diclofenac did not alter the ingestion rate of bacteria by PMN indicates that this drug is not cytotoxic for PMN. Consequently, diclofenac reduces PMN locomotion by interfering with the PMN chemokinetic activity. Diclofenac is an anti-inflammatory drug possessing the original property of acting as a negative chemokinetic agent, for migration of both stimulated and unstimulated PMN. It should therefore be a useful tool for analyzing the elements controlling PMN locomotion speed.[1]


  1. Diclofenac sodium, a negative chemokinetic factor for neutrophil locomotion. Perianin, A., Gougerot-Pocidalo, M.A., Giroud, J.P., Hakim, J. Biochem. Pharmacol. (1985) [Pubmed]
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