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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Distribution of apolipoproteins A-I and B among intestinal lipoproteins.

Chylomicrons and very low density lipoproteins (VLDL) are produced by the intestine and these nascent particles are thought to be similar to their counterparts in intestinal lymph. To study the relationship between these lipoproteins within the cell and those secreted into the lamina propria and lymph, we have isolated enterocytes, lamina propria, and mesenteric lymph from rats while fasted and after corn oil feeding. Apolipoprotein A-I and B content were measured by radioimmunoassay in cell, lamina propria, and lymph fractions separated by Sepharose 6B and 10% agarose chromatography, and by KBr isopycnic density centrifugation. ApoA-I in the cell and the underlying lamina propria was found partly in those fractions in which chylomicron and very low density lipoproteins (chylo-VLDL) and high density lipoproteins (HDL) elute, but more abundantly where unassociated 125I-labeled apoA-I was eluted. In the lymph, however, 74% of apoA-I eluted in the HDL region and no peak of free apoA-I was found. ApoB and apoC-III within the enterocyte were found distributed in the position of particles eluting not only with chylomicrons and VLDL, but also in the regions corresponding to LDL and HDL. In the lamina propria and lymph, on the other hand, most of the apoB was found in the region of VLDL and chylomicrons. These results indicate that the patterns in lymph lipoproteins and the lamina propria do not exactly mirror the distribution of apoA-I and B among lipoproteins inside the cell. This may be because intracellular apoproteins may be unassociated with lipoproteins, or they could be associated with lipoproteins in various stages of assembly of protein with lipids. Furthermore, the apoprotein composition of intestinal lipoproteins is altered after secretion from the enterocyte. Finally, not all apoproteins seem to be secreted in association with identifiable lipoprotein particles from the enterocyte.[1]


  1. Distribution of apolipoproteins A-I and B among intestinal lipoproteins. Alpers, D.H., Lock, D.R., Lancaster, N., Poksay, K., Schonfeld, G. J. Lipid Res. (1985) [Pubmed]
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