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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Suppression of DNA synthesis in NEL-M1 human melanoma cells by triamcinolone acetonide.

The present study characterizes the biological response of a cloned human melanotic melanoma cell line (NEL-M1) to glucocorticoid treatment. Scatchard analysis of the binding of [3H]-triamcinolone acetonide to the glucocorticoid receptor showed a binding capacity of 170 fmol/mg protein and a dissociation constant (KD) of 1.76 X 10(-9) M. When the 3H-labeled cytosol was warmed to 25 degrees C for 30 min and then incubated with DNA-cellulose at 4 degrees C for 45 min, 32% of the specific glucocorticoid-receptor complexes were bound to DNA-cellulose. Additional studies showed that when NEL-M1 cells were cultured for 72 h with 1 X 10(-7) M triamcinolone acetonide, a 36% reduction in cellular growth was observed compared to the control cultures. The calculated population doubling time for the control cells was 17.5 h compared to 20.3 h for the triamcinolone acetonide-treated cells. Analysis of the effect of triamcinolone acetonide on macromolecular synthesis revealed that, over a 24-h incubation period, triamcinolone acetonide (a) inhibited [3H]thymidine incorporation by 51%; (b) increased the incorporation of the melanin precursor, L-3,4-dihydroxy[3H]phenylalanine, by 59%; and (c) had essentially no effect on [3H]leucine or [3H]uridine incorporation. During this same incubation period, triamcinolone acetonide inhibited [3H]glucose uptake by 19%. Further studies using synchronized NEL-M1 cells clearly show that the earliest detectable action of triamcinolone acetonide was the inhibition [3H]thymidine incorporation during the S phase of the cell cycle. Thus, these findings show that the human melanoma cell line, NEL-M1, is biologically responsive to glucocorticoid treatment. Continued studies using NEL-M1 cells may eventually lead to ascertaining the exact mechanism by which glucocorticoids regulate DNA synthesis.[1]


  1. Suppression of DNA synthesis in NEL-M1 human melanoma cells by triamcinolone acetonide. DiSorbo, D.M., Harris, N.A., Nathanson, L. Cancer Res. (1985) [Pubmed]
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