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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

DNA repair synthesis induced by N-hydroxyurea, acetohydroxamic acid, and N-hydroxyurethane in primary rat hepatocyte cultures: comparative evaluation using the autoradiographic and the bromodeoxyuridine density-shift method.

N-Hydroxyurea and two structurally related compounds, acetohydroxamic acid and N-hydroxyurethane, were investigated for their potential to induce DNA repair synthesis in primary rat hepatocyte cultures. Repair was determined as repair replication by means of the bromodeoxyuridine density-shift method and, in the same cell preparations, as unscheduled DNA synthesis (UDS) by autoradiography. For all 3 compounds, a clear concentration-dependent induction of DNA repair replication could be demonstrated. Interpretation of the UDS data, however, depended on the mode whereby the results were evaluated. Expression of the results as net grains per nucleus after subtraction of cytoplasmic from nuclear grain counts yielded statistically significant increases over the control values for all compounds. In contrast, no significant changes of the nuclear labeling were obtained when nuclear and cytoplasmic grain counts were plotted separately. These findings demonstrate that the two modes to present UDS data may lead to different conclusions, a consequence of the uncertainty regarding the origin and importance of the cytoplasmic background. The observation that both hydroxyurea and the structurally related compounds acetohydroxamic acid and N-hydroxyurethane induce DNA repair in primary hepatocyte cultures suggests that metabolism-dependent genotoxicity may be a common property of aliphatic hydroxamic acids.[1]


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