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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The isozymes of glucose-phosphate isomerase (GPI-A2 and GPI-B2) from the teleost fish Fundulus heteroclitus (L.).

The fish, Fundulus heteroclitus (L.), like most advanced teleosts, possesses duplicate loci for the glycolytic enzyme, glucose-phosphate isomerase (D-glucose-6-phosphate ketol-isomerase, EC The locus for the GPI-A2 (where GPI represents glucose-phosphate isomerase) isozyme is preferentially expressed in anaerobic tissues such as white skeletal muscle, while GPI-B2 predominates in aerobic tissues like liver and red muscle. We questioned whether this tissue specificity would be reflected in unique structural and functional characteristics of the respective isozymes. Consequently, an analysis of the two isozymes was undertaken. The enzymes were purified by a combination of ion-exchange chromatography and isoelectric focusing. Each isozyme was characterized as to native and subunit molecular weight, isoelectric pH, and susceptibility to thermal denaturation. Both were dimeric enzymes, with native molecular masses of 110 kDa. The isoelectric pH values for GPI-A2 and GPI-B2 were 7.9 and 6.4, respectively. Differences were apparent in thermal stability, i.e. GPI-A2 was more stable than GPI-B2. Kinetic properties were investigated as a function of both pH and temperature. The Km values for fructose 6-phosphate (Fru-6-P) differed between the isozymes at low pH, but no significant differences were observed at higher pH. The inhibition constant (Ki) for 6-phosphogluconate (6-P-gluconate) was pH dependent. GPI-A2 was slightly more sensitive to 6-P-gluconate inhibition than GPI-B2 between pH 7.0 and 8. 5. The Km for Fru-6-P was temperature dependent for the GPI-B2 isozyme, but relatively temperature independent for GPI-A2 between 10 and 35 degrees C. The Ki for 6-P-gluconate was temperature dependent for both isozymes. The Ki values for GPI-A2 were consistently lower than those for GPI-B2. Energies of activation differed between the two isozymes by 4.4 kcal with GPI-A2 having the lower value. While delta G values were identical for the isozymes, their delta H and delta S values differed significantly. The structural and kinetic differences that exist between the glucose-phosphate isomerase isozymes appear to be tailored to the unique metabolic demands of the tissues in which these Gpi loci are expressed.[1]


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