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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Beta receptor occupancy. Assessment in the intact animal.

Organ uptake of 125I-hydroxybenzylpindolol, a potent beta adrenergic antagonist, was determined after intravenous administration. Pretreatment with the beta agonist, epinephrine, inhibited an almost identical fraction of 125I-hydroxybenzylpindolol binding as did the antagonist, propranolol. Specific beta receptor binding accounted for 50% of total uptake in the lung and demonstrated the following characteristics. The dose-response curve for propranolol inhibition of 125I-hydroxybenzylpindolol binding duplicated that reported for its physiologic action. Simultaneous serum propranolol levels as determined by a sensitive radioimmunoassay allowed an apparent dissociation rate constant approximately 7 nM to be obtained that correlated closely with the results reported from membrane binding studies. Alpha blockade had no effect and inhibition of 125I-hydroxybenzylpindolol binding by propranolol demonstrated stereospecificity. After chemical sympathectomy with reserpine or 6-OH dopamine, there was a 100% increase in receptor specific binding. Finally, a scintillation camera was employed to visually and quantitatively detect 125I-hydroxybenzylpindolol displacement from the lung during intravenous propranolol administration in the living animal. Reversal of binding was rapid and an in vivo inhibition curve was generated. Such a method provides the potential for longitudinally assessing beta receptor occupancy and apparent affinity directly in man.[1]


  1. Beta receptor occupancy. Assessment in the intact animal. Homcy, C.J., Strauss, H.W., Kopiwoda, S. J. Clin. Invest. (1980) [Pubmed]
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