The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Evidence for participation of transglutaminase in receptor-mediated endocytosis.

We report evidence that the enzyme transglutaminase (glutaminyl-peptide gamma-glutamyltransferase; R-glutaminyl-peptide:amine gamma-glutamyltransferase, EC2.3.2.13) participates in receptor-mediated endocytosis. Clustering and internalization of rhodamine-labeled alpha 2-macroglobulin (R alpha 2 M) in normal rat kidney (NRK) cells is inhibited by a wide spectrum of compounds that inhibit transglutaminases, including that from NRK cells. The pattern of clustering inhibition resembles the pattern of transglutaminase inhibition as follows: (i) The most potent transglutaminase inhibitors are dansylcadaverine and the transglutaminase-directed affinity label N-benzyloxy-carbonyl-5-diazo-4-oxonorvaline p-nitrophenyl ester; these were also the most potent inhibitors of clustering and internalization of R alpha 2M. (ii) The inhibition of clustering of R alpha 2M occurs in the same concentration range as that required for transglutaminase inhibition. (iii) Linear primary amines are more effective blockers than the iso-chain primary amines. (iv) The transglutaminase affinity label N-benzyloxycarbonyl-5-diazo-4-oxonorvaline p-nitrophenyl ester irreversibly inhibits a significant fraction of the NRK transglutaminase and the clustering and internalization of R alpha 2M. A closely related compound, N-trifluoroacetyl-6-diazo-5-oxonorleucine ethyl ester, does not significantly inhibit transglutaminase or clustering and internalization. (v) Clustering and internalization is inhibited 10-fold more effectively by the heptapeptide Ac-Gly2-LLeu-LLys-Gly3 than by the heptapeptides Ac-Gly2-LLeu-DLys-Gly3 or AcGly3-DLys-DLeu-Gly2. This is the pattern of stereospecificity for the inhibition of purified transglutaminases.[1]


  1. Evidence for participation of transglutaminase in receptor-mediated endocytosis. Levitzki, A., Willingham, M., Pastan, I. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1980) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities