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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A mouse homolog to the avian sarcoma virus src protein is a member of a protein kinase cascade.

Recent work has identified a cascade of membrane bound protein kinases in Ehrlich ascites tumor cells. These enzymes, designated PKL, PKS and PKM, are present in both Ehrlich tumor and mouse brain, but the cascade is active only in the tumor tissue. We have now purified a fourth protein kinase, PKF, that is also associated with this cascade. Protein kinase F prosphorylates PKL and is phosphorylated by PKS. The position of this kinase in the cascade is as follows, where the arrows denote phosphorylation: [Formula: see text] The phosphorylation by PKF, like phosphorylation by the other kinases, is at a tyrosine residue and causes the substrate kinase ( PKL) to become active. The role of the tyrosine phosphorylation in activating these kinases is described in detail elsewhere. One result of activation of the cascade is the phosphorylation of the beta subunit of the Na+K+-ATPase, which causes inefficient Na+ pumping and is at last in part responsible for the high aerobic glycolysis of Ehrlich ascites tumor cells. By several criteria protein kinase F from Ehrlich cells is homologous to the src gene product (pp60src) from avian sarcoma viruses. Antiserum raised against PKF and sera from rabbits bearing rous sarcoma virus (RSV)- induced tumors quantitatively precipitate the same 60 kd phosphoprotein from cell lysates of three different RSV-transformed cell lines. Both proteins phosphorylate PKL and a 130 kd cytoskeletal protein (vinculin). The tryptic maps of these proteins are closely similar. Both proteins bind specifically to PKL covalently coupled to Sepharose. We used this latter observation to facilitate the purification of pp60 src from RSV-transformed cells.[1]


  1. A mouse homolog to the avian sarcoma virus src protein is a member of a protein kinase cascade. Spector, M., Pepinsky, R.B., Vogt, V.M., Racker, E. Cell (1981) [Pubmed]
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