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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Ultrastructure of Klebsiella O3 lipopolysaccharide isolated from culture supernatant: comparison with other lipopolysaccharides.

Klebsiella O3 lipopolysaccharide (KO3 LPS) isolated from the culture supernatant, which was found to exhibit a very strong adjuvant activity in augmenting antibody response and delayed-type hypersensitivity to protein antigens in mice, was examined by electron microscopy. When negatively stained with uranyl acetate or ammonium molybdate, the KO3 LPS was found to consist principally of flat ribbon-like structures branching freely (average width 16 nm and average thickness 7 nm) and to contain a small proportion of spheres (diameter 20-50 nm), both structures covered with fine hairy structures (average length approximately 10 nm). When the polysaccharide of KO3 LPS was stained by the periodic acid-thiosemicarbazide-silver proteinate procedure, silver granules were deposited on the ribbon-like structures and around the spheres, suggesting that the polysaccharide moiety is located on their surface and that the fine hairy structures consist of the polysaccharide moiety. Comparison by means of preparations stained with uranyl acetate or ammonium molybdate showed that KO3 LPS isolated from the culture supernatant has structural features in common with KO3 LPS isolated from bacterial cells, Escherichia coli O9 LPS isolated from the culture supernatant, and E. coli O127 LPS isolated from bacterial cells. On the basis of the present results, schematic representations of the common physical structure of LPS were drawn; the fine hairy structures attach to the wide surface of the flat ribbon-like structures along their lateral margin.[1]


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