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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Collateral sensitivity of 6-mercaptopurine-resistant sublines of P388 and L1210 leukemia to the new purine antagonists, 5-carbamoyl-1H-imidazol-4-yl piperonylate and 4-carbamoylimidazolium 5-olate.

Two new purine antagonists, 5-carbamoyl-1H-imidazol-4-yl piperonylate (SL-1250) and 4-carbamoylimidazolium 5-olate (SM-108), were investigated for their antitumor activities against 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP)-resistant sublines of P388 and L1210 leukemia. It was found that both resistant sublines exhibited collateral sensitivity instead of cross-resistance to these new antipurine drugs. Since more potent cytotoxic activities of these drugs against 6-MP-resistant cells were observed even in vivo cell culture systems, this collateral sensitivity was proved on a cellular basis. Biochemical studies revealed that 6-MP-resistant sublines of both P388 and L1210 leukemia are deficient in hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase activity. In these cells, not only the activation of 6-MP to its nucleotide but also the synthesis of guanosine 5'-monophosphate via the salvage pathway seems to be severely restricted. However, SL-1250 and SM-108 can be activated to their nucleotide even in these 6-MP-resistant cells because the activation of these compounds is proceeded by adenine phosphoribosyltransferase. In conclusion, suppression of de novo purine synthesis with SL-1250 and SM-108 seems to be a very efficient means of killing these 6-MP-resistant cells, which lack a salvage pathway for guanosine 5'-monophosphate.[1]


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