The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Distribution of terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase and purine degradative and synthetic enzymes in subpopulations of human thymocytes.

Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT) and purine metabolic enzymes were examined in subsets of human infant thymocytes (defined by surface cell antigens) and normal peripheral T lymphocytes. Putative prothymocytes (RFB-1+, HTA-1+/- large blast-like cells), medium and high density cortical thymocytes (RFB-1+, HTA-1+), and medullary thymocytes (RFB-1-, HTA-1-, OKT3+) were isolated by density gradient centrifugation, monoclonal antibody and complement-mediated cytolysis, and cell-antibody affinity chromatography. Peripheral T lymphocytes were isolated from normal adult mononuclear cells using nylon fiber technique. Adenosine deaminase (ADA) and TdT were highest in prothymocytes 48.8 +/- 14.7 mumol/hr/10(8) cells (mean +/- SE) and 22.9 +/- 1.4 U/10(8) cells, respectively. Both enzymes decreased progressively down the maturation pathway. In peripheral T lymphocytes, ADA was 3.9 +/- 1.5 mumol/hr/10(8) cells, and TdT was undetectable. Purine nucleoside phosphorylase (PNP) and ecto-5'nucleotidase (5'NT) were lowest in cortical thymocytes (27.5 +/- 11.0 nmol/hr/10(6) cells and 2.8 +/- 1.3 nmol/hr/10(6) cells, respectively) and increased with T cell maturation. The PNP level was 124.9 +/- 17.2 nmol/hr/10(6) cells and 5'NT was 30.1 +/- 3.9 nmol/hr/10(6) cells in peripheral T lymphocytes. The deoxynucleoside kinases (deoxyguanosine, deoxyadenosine, and deoxycytidine kinases) paralleled the changes in ADA and TdT activity among the different T subsets. The proliferative activity (labeling index) was highest in the prothymocyte fraction and lowest in peripheral T cells. Variation in the distribution of these enzymes in T cell subsets may explain their different sensitivities to deoxyadenosine and deoxyguanosine toxicity and the different effects on T cell development of ADA or PNP deficiency.[1]


  1. Distribution of terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase and purine degradative and synthetic enzymes in subpopulations of human thymocytes. Ma, D.D., Sylwestrowicz, T.A., Granger, S., Massaia, M., Franks, R., Janossy, G., Hoffbrand, A.V. J. Immunol. (1982) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities