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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Lipid and subunit III depleted cytochrome c oxidase purified by horse cytochrome c affinity chromatography in lauryl maltoside.

Cytochrome oxidase is purified from rat liver and beef heart by affinity chromatography on a matrix of horse cytochrome c-Sepharose 4B. The success of this procedure, which employs a matrix previously found ineffective with beef or yeast oxidase, is attributed to thorough dispersion of the enzyme with nonionic detergent and a low density of cross-linking between the lysine residues of cytochrome c and the cyanogen bromide activated Sepharose. Beef heart oxidase is purified in one step from mitochondrial membranes solubilized with lauryl maltoside, yielding an enzyme of purity comparable to that obtained on a yeast cytochrome c matrix [Azzi, A., Bill, K., & Broger, C. (1982) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 79, 2447-2450]. Rat liver oxidase is prepared by hydroxyapatite and horse cytochrome c affinity chromatography in lauryl maltoside, yielding enzyme of high purity (12.5-13.5 nmol of heme a/mg of protein), high activity (TN = 270-400 s-1), and very low lipid content (1 mol of DPG and 1 mol of PI per mol of aa3). The activity of the enzyme is characterized by two kinetic phases, and electron transfer can be stimulated to maximal rates as high as 650 s-1 when supplemented with asolectin vesicles. The rat liver oxidase purified by this method does not contain the polypeptide designated as subunit III. Comparisons of the kinetic behavior of the enzyme in intact membranes, solubilized membranes, and the purified delipidated form reveal complex changes in kinetic parameters accompanying the changes in state and assay conditions, but do not support previous suggestions that subunit III is a critical factor in the binding of cytochrome c at the high-affinity site on oxidase or that cardiolipin is essential for the low-affinity interaction of cytochrome c. The purified rat liver oxidase retains the ability to exhibit respiratory control when reconstituted into phospholipid vesicles, providing definitive evidence that subunit III is not solely responsible for the ability of cytochrome oxidase to produce or respond to a membrane potential or proton gradient.[1]


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