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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Neuroblastoma cells produce transforming growth factors during exponential growth in a defined hormone-free medium.

Mouse neuroblastoma Neuro-2A cells have been cultured in a chemically defined serum-free medium consisting of a 1:1 mixture of Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium and Ham's F-12 medium, supplemented with 30 nM selenite and 10 micrograms of transferrin per ml. In this medium, which does not contain any externally added polypeptide growth factor, cells proliferate rapidly with a doubling time of approximately equal to 10 hr. During exponential growth in this serum-free medium, Neuro-2A cells secrete a 15- to 20-kDa transforming growth factor with strong mitogenic action and the ability to induce anchorage-independent growth on nontransformed cells. This neuroblastoma-derived transforming growth factor (ND-TGF) is acid and heat stable but is sensitive to treatment with trypsin or dithiothreitol. However, it does not compete with epidermal growth factor ( EGF) for receptor binding and does not require EGF receptors for its mitogenic activity. Experiments on the effects of EGF on ND-TGF-induced soft agar growth of normal rat kidney cells indicate that Neuro-2A cells secrete an EGF-potentiated TGF in addition to ND-TGF. It is suggested that Neuro-2A cells can proliferate in the absence of externally added growth factors as a result of autocrine production of polypeptide growth factors.[1]


  1. Neuroblastoma cells produce transforming growth factors during exponential growth in a defined hormone-free medium. van Zoelen, E.J., Twardzik, D.R., van Oostwaard, T.M., van der Saag, P.T., de Laat, S.W., Todaro, G.J. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1984) [Pubmed]
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