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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Rotation of cytochrome P-450. Complex formation of cytochrome P-450 with NADPH-cytochrome P-450 reductase in liposomes demonstrated by combining protein rotation with antibody-induced cross-linking.

Purified rat liver microsomal cytochrome P-450 and NADPH-cytochrome P-450 reductase were co-reconstituted in phosphatidylcholine-phosphatidylethanolamine-phosphatidylserine vesicles by a cholate dialysis technique. Rotational diffusion of cytochrome P-450 was measured by detecting the decay of absorption anisotropy r(t), after photolysis of the heme X CO complex by a vertically polarized laser flash. All cytochrome P-450 was found to be rotationally mobile when co-reconstituted with equimolar amounts of NADPH-cytochrome P-450 reductase in lipid to cytochrome P-450 ((L/P450)) = 1 (w/w] vesicles. Antibodies against NADPH-cytochrome P-450 reductase were raised. Their specificity was demonstrated by Ouchterlony double diffusion analysis. Antireductase Fab fragments were prepared from antireductase IgG by papain digestion. The N-demethylation of benzphetamine, catalyzed by the proteoliposomes, was significantly inhibited by antireductase IgG and by antireductase Fab fragments. Cross-linking of NADPH-cytochrome P-450 reductase by antireductase IgG resulted in complete immobilization of cytochrome P-450 in L/P450 = 1 vesicles. Antireductase IgG also immobilized cytochrome P-450 in L/P450 = 5 vesicles, although the degree of immobilization was slightly smaller. No immobilization of cytochrome P-450 in L/P450 = 1 vesicles was detected in the presence of antireductase Fab fragments or preimmune IgG. These results further support the proposal of the formation of monomolecular complexes between cytochrome P-450 and NADPH-cytochrome P-450 reductase in liposomal membranes (Gut, J., Richter, C., Cherry, R.J., Winterhalter, K.H., and Kawato, S. (1982) J. Biol. Chem. 257, 7030-7036).[1]


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