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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Dephosphorylation of S6 and expression of the heat shock response in Drosophila melanogaster.

A basic ribosomal phosphoprotein of 30,000 molecular weight was rapidly dephosphorylated in cultured Drosophila melanogaster cells heat shocked at 37 degrees C. The protein was associated with the 40S ribosomal subunit and had an electrophoretic mobility similar to that of purified rat liver protein S6 on basic two-dimensional polyacrylamide gels as well as a similar partial proteolysis peptide map. In logarithmically growing cultures, this D. melanogaster S6 protein appeared to have a single phosphorylated species consisting of 30 to 40% of the total cellular S6. Thus, the nearly complete dephosphorylation of this protein observed in heat shock involves a large fraction of the cellular S6. The significance of this dephosphorylation in the expression of the heat shock response was investigated by examining the phosphorylation status of S6 in recovery from heat shock and in response to chemical inducers of the heat shock response. During recovery from a 30-min heat shock, the recovery of normal protein synthesis was almost complete in 2 to 4 hr, whereas there was no significant rephosphorylation of S6 for 8 h. Two chemical inducers of the heat shock response, canavanine and sodium arsenite, induced the synthesis of heat shock proteins in D. melanogaster cells. Sodium arsenite also caused an inhibition of normal protein synthesis similar to that observed in heat shock. Neither agent, however, caused significant dephosphorylation of S6. These results suggest that the dephosphorylation of S6, although invariably observed in heat-shocked cells, may in some cases be dissociated from both the induction of heat shock protein synthesis and the turnoff of normal protein synthesis which occur in a heat shock response.[1]


  1. Dephosphorylation of S6 and expression of the heat shock response in Drosophila melanogaster. Olsen, A.S., Triemer, D.F., Sanders, M.M. Mol. Cell. Biol. (1983) [Pubmed]
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