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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effects of dilazep on coronary and systemic hemodynamics in humans.

The cardiovascular effects of dilazep, a new antianginal drug, were investigated in 18 patients, who underwent cardiac catheterization and coronary angiography for the evaluation of chest pain. Dilazep, 0.2 mg/kg, was injected intravenously over 1 to 2 minutes. The changes induced by dilazep in coronary tone were assessed by quantitative angiography in four patients, changes in systemic and coronary hemodynamics and blood gases in eight patients, and changes in systemic and pulmonary hemodynamics and blood gases in six. In 6 of the 18 patients the effects on hemoglobin-O2 oxygen binding were also investigated. Following dilazep administration, we observed a marked reduction of coronary resistance (six patients) (0.5 vs 1.0 mm Hg X min X ml-1, p less than 0.01) and of aortic-coronary sinus oxygen difference (seven patients) (4.6 vs 12.3 vol%, p less than 0.01), and a 23% increase in coronary diameter (four patients) (p less than 0.001). Total systemic resistance was also reduced by dilazep (six patients). Conversely, only minimal or insignificant changes were observed in heart rate (14 patients), aortic pressure (14 patients), total pulmonary resistance (six patients), myocardial oxygen consumption (six patients), double product (14 patients), blood gases (seven patients), and hemoglobin-oxygen affinity (six patients). We conclude that dilazep exerts a powerful dilating action on coronary vasculature without appreciable increase of myocardial oxygen consumption and cardiac work simultaneously with a reduction of peripheral resistance.[1]


  1. Effects of dilazep on coronary and systemic hemodynamics in humans. Marzilli, M., Simonetti, I., Levantesi, D., Trivella, M.G., De Nes, M., Perissinotto, A., Puntoni, R., Buzzigoli, G., Boni, C., Michelassi, C. Am. Heart J. (1984) [Pubmed]
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