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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Fractionation of the multiple forms of bovine gastric aspartic proteases by chromatofocusing.

By extending the chromatofocusing technique to a very acidic pH range (down to pH 2.0) a method which, in a single-step procedure, allows separation of the three main aspartic proteases secreted by the bovine abomasal mucosa i.e., chymosin (EC, gastricsin (EC, and pepsin A (EC, has been developed. Starting materials for separation were crude commercial milk-clotting extracts or abomasal juices. A multistep procedure, using narrower pH gradients, enabled the fractionation of these proteases into their multiple forms. Chymosins A and B, which are known to differ only by a single amino acid substitution (Asp/Gly), were completely resolved. Their elution pHs, 3.75 and 3.80, respectively, though far from their "normal" pIs (around 4.7 in isoelectric focusing), demonstrate the resolving power of such a technique. Multiple forms of bovine pepsin A, which differ in their organic phosphate content (0-3 phosphate group(s) per molecule of enzyme) and whose pIs are lower than 2.5, were also separated using 15-20 mM glycine buffer, pH 2.0, as eluent. Although many attempts to get a linear gradient remained unsuccessful within this pH range, resolution appeared quite satisfactory, as judged from analytical isoelectric focusing patterns. In particular, the two subcomponents of bpA1, which presumably have a different site of post-translational phosphorylation, were resolved in this way.[1]


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