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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Concentration-dependent effects of potassium dichromate on the cell cycle.

Hexavalent chromium is found to be a strong mutagen, and it also is a potential carcinogen in man. DNA flow cytometry, growth measurements, and determinations of mitotic index show that 1-2 microM K2Cr2O7 produces a prolongation of the G2 phase of the cell cycle in NHIK 3025 cells. By increasing the chromate concentrations (greater than 2 microM K2Cr2O7) the cells are also arrested in G2 phase. We have found, using synchronized cells and measuring cell cycle time, that the most chromate-sensitive part of the cell cycle is S phase. This phase is also somewhat prolonged, and the cells became arrested in early S phase at high toxic K2Cr2O7 concentrations (8 microM). Our results thus indicate that K2Cr2O7 has an effect within S phase--maybe on DNA/RNA synthesis--and also interferes with processes necessary for progression through the G2 phase.[1]


  1. Concentration-dependent effects of potassium dichromate on the cell cycle. Bakke, O., Jakobsen, K., Eik-Nes, K.B. Cytometry. (1984) [Pubmed]
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