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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Fluorescence-activated cell sorting analysis of the induction and expression of acute thermal tolerance within the cell cycle.

We have examined the cell cycle specificity of 45.5 degrees heat-induced toxicity and the induction and expression of thermal tolerance. Ultrapure populations of G1-, S-, and G2-M-phase cells were obtained through sequential centrifugal elutriation and flow cytometric cell sorting of Hoechst 33342-stained cells. We found no interaction of Hoechst 33342 with hyperthermia under staining conditions that gave good cytometric resolution of DNA distributions. Single dose-response survival curves indicated that S phase was the most sensitive to 45.5 degrees hyperthermia (Do = 1.97, 1.26, and 1.95 min for G1, S, and G2-M, respectively). Both S and G2-M phases exhibited a decreased ability from G1 to accumulate sublethal heat lesions as evidenced by decreased heat survival curve shoulders (Dq) = 13.7, 9.51, and 8.39 min for G1, S, and G2-M, respectively). Thermal tolerance, as measured by the decreased inactivation slope of the split-dose treatment, could be induced and expressed in G1, S, and G2-M phases. However, both the magnitude and temporal expression of tolerance were dependent on the position of the cell within the cell cycle at the time of the initial heat treatment. S-phase cells exhibited slightly less thermal tolerance as compared to G1 cells given isosurvival thermal induction doses as measured by the split-dose inactivation rate constants (heated/control = 8.37 and 5.62 for G1 cells at 12 and 24 hr and 7.68 and 5.27 for S-phase cells at 12 and 28 hr). Also, split-dose survival curves for cells heated in G2-M indicated a near total inability to accumulate heat-induced sublethal damage. Simultaneous bivariate (90 degrees light scatter and DNA content) progression analysis of heated replicates indicated that tolerance could probably be expressed in those cells which moved into other cycle compartments following the initial heat treatment. For instance, G1-phase cells preheated for 20 min began progression into normally heat-sensitive S phase between 24 and 28 hr after the heat treatment. This corresponded to approximately the time of maximal thermal tolerance expression. [3H]Thymidine suicide experiments also indicated that the ultimately clonogenic cells began movement into S phase at or near the time of maximal tolerance. In this case then, tolerance expression appeared to supersede the S-phase acute heat sensitivity. Heated S-phase cells began progression into G2-M between 4 and 12 hr, which corresponded temporally to large amounts of tolerance expression4 +[1]


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