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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The anionic basis of fluid secretion by the rabbit mandibular salivary gland.

The role played by anions in salivary secretion has been studied in experiments on the isolated, perfused mandibular gland of the rabbit, in which perfusate Cl- and/or HCO3- were replaced by other anions. Replacement of Cl- with Br- had no significant effect on salivary secretion rate, but replacement with the other anions tested caused secretory rate to fall, by 38% (I-), 50% (NO3-), 61% (isethionate, ise -), and 66% ( CH3SO4 -), respectively. Replacement of perfusate Cl- with ise - or CH3SO4 - caused the salivary HCO3- concentration to rise up to 4-fold. Replacement with Br- or I- seemed to have little effect on salivary HCO3- concentration but, in contrast to ise -, Br- and I- entered the saliva in concentrations comparable to those of Cl- during control perfusion. In glands perfused with HCO3- and ise -, the addition of methazolamide, an inhibitor of carbonic anhydrase, caused a further 60% drop in secretory rate, but the saliva remained rich in HCO3-. Replacement of perfusate HCO3- with Cl- or ise - had no effect on salivary secretion or composition. Replacement of both HCO3- and Cl- in the perfusate with ise - reduced salivary secretion to less than 2% of control levels. In control glands (i.e. perfused with both HCO3- and Cl-), administration of furosemide, an inhibitor of Na+/Cl- co-transport, reduced the secretion rate and increased salivary HCO3- in a manner indistinguishable from that seen when perfusate Cl- was replaced with ise -. In control perfused glands, administration of SITS (4-acetamido-4'- isothio cyano-2,2'-disulphonic acid stilbene), an inhibitor of Cl-/HCO3- antiports , did not cause any change in salivary HCO3- concentration. Unexpectedly, it induced a significant increase in salivary secretory rate. The results show that salivary secretion depends on two independent transport systems. One is a Cl- -dependent, furosemide-sensitive system, probably a Na+/Cl- symport. The other is an HCO3- -dependent, methazolamide-sensitive system, and is probably an Na+/H+ antiport.[1]


  1. The anionic basis of fluid secretion by the rabbit mandibular salivary gland. Case, R.M., Hunter, M., Novak, I., Young, J.A. J. Physiol. (Lond.) (1984) [Pubmed]
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