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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Rearranged glucuronic acid conjugates of bilirubin-IX alpha in post-obstructive bile. Structure elucidation of azopigments beta and gamma as ethyl anthranilate N-glycosides derived from 2-, 3- and 4-o-acyl glucuronides.

Azopigment analysis was performed on conjugates of bilirubin-IXalpha in bile of man and rats obtained after obstruction of the bile duct or in bile incubated under N2. The azopigments beta and gamma, formed by applying a pH 2.7 diazonium reagent containing an excess of ethyl anthranilate, correspond to rearranged ethyl athranilate N-glucuronides having the azodipyrrole acyl group on positions 2, 3 and 4 of the sugar. These assignments were verified, first by conversion of the structurally known 2-, 3- and 4-O-acyl glucuronide azopigments, unsubstituted at C-1, into ethyl anthranilate N-glucuronide reference compounds, and second, by mass spectrometry of trimethylsilyl ether methyl ester derivatives of unknown and reference compounds. The C-1 ethyl anthranilate group of the N-glucuronides triggers characteristics fragmentation reactions of the carbohydrate moiety revealing the position of the azodipyrrole O-acyl group.[1]


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